As we are all over the world being asked to go into exile from our normal day to day business. We are asked to only have contact with those in our households, our families. We are asked to look at what is essential and do that, buy that. What a great opportunity God has provided us with in the Lent of 2020. Just as Jesus was called into the desert before the major part of his life’s’ work commenced, we are called to go into a different desert also, a desert of suffering and pain (for some physical others spiritual and others emotional). Many have been asked to stay away from things we hold very dear such as Mass.
God has been speaking
to me about all of this in some songs.
I recall a song I learned many years ago by a group called The Dameans, “Pause a While”
Pause a while, pause a while In the humdrum of the city and behind a cloister wall In the early morning and when shadows start to fall See creation bending to the maker of it all And all we have to do is pause a while
We were made to build the earth and share it with each other All of us together at the work of Christ our brother
Tho’ the troubles of the world may tempt you to despair
Look around just
one more time and you’ll see Christ is there
in ev’ry valley, ev’ry running brook
Bear the mark of
Love’s design for those who learn to look
promised long ago moves just where he will;
In this high-speed,
neon world, somehow he’s moving still
ev’ry kind, must shatter into dust;
Nothing done is
nothing won where we can’t dare to trust
I noticed as these lyrics floated in my mind that God was calling on his people all over the world to Pause Awhile, to stop and listen to just be still. As we pause, all of creation is being renewed, life is returning to places we have neglected or damaged by our busy lifestyles. The smog is lifting in some places, wildlife is returning to city areas. https://twitter.com/ikaveri/status/1239660248207589383
With our children in the atrium, we finished a little early with the Liturgy of Light. We recalled Jesus sharing his light with us all and asking us to share it also with others. The light will grow so bright, that the sun will be dimmed. All of the darkness will be chased away. We sang some songs that reminded me of God’s plan to bring his life and light to all people, everywhere.
Christ Be Our Light (Bernadette Farrell)
Longing for light, we wait in darkness
Longing for truth, we turn to You.
Make us Your own, Your holy people
Light for the world to see.
Christ, be our light!
Shine in our hearts.
Shine through the darkness.
Christ, be our light!
Shine in Your church gathered today.
Longing for peace, our world is troubled
Longing for hope, many despair.
Your word alone has pow’r to save us.
Make us your living voice.
Shine Jesus Shine (Graham Kendrick)
light of Your love is shining
midst of the darkness shining
of the world shine upon us
Set us free
by the truth You now bring us
Shine on me,
shine on me
shine, Fill this land with the Father’s glory
Spirit blaze, Set our hearts on fire
flow, Flood the nations with grace and mercy
Your word Lord and let there be light
Lord I come to Your awesome presence From the shadows into Your radiance By the blood I may enter Your brightness Search me try me consume all my darkness Shine on me, shine on me
As we gaze on Your kingly brightness So our faces display Your likeness Ever changing from glory to glory Mirrored here may our lives tell Your story Shine on me, shine on me
Alleluia, Alleluia, give thanks to the risen Lord (Donald Fishel) Alleluia, Alleluia, give thanks to
the risen Lord,
alleluia, give praise to His name.
Jesus is Lord of all the
He is the King of creation.
Spread the good news o’er all
Jesus has died and has risen.
We have been crucified with
Now we shall live forever.
God has proclaimed the just
Life for all men, alleluia!
As I sang and
pondered these words, I was amazed at how clear the message for me was. “Do
not worry, my light is stronger than the darkness, my life is stronger than
Pause a while and soak in his light so that when the time comes you will rise radiant in his splendor to shine and fill the earth. It is the desert before the ministry. The darkness that is overcome by the light.
This pause, now, becomes
a time of great hope and renewal for all of creation. I am filled with joy and
An Introduction to the Environment of the Catechesis of the Good Shepherd
Inviting a visitor to “come
and see” has often been the best way to “explain” what the Catechesis of the
Good Shepherd is. When invited in, an adult will become quiet and wonder at all
the different materials they can see. One material may catch their eye, something
familiar, the altar table, the Cenacle. Just like the children who first walk
through the doors, the adult longs to look with their hands, to open boxes and
see what treasures are contained within. Perhaps, less like the child, they
hesitate in case they are not allowed to explore further. Left alone, they may
take things off the shelf and pick up the contents for closer inspection. They
may get their phones out and take a few photos.
The first encounter in
an atrium is one of wonder and perhaps awe. If parents walk in with a child,
they like to share their knowledge of what they see, moving into teaching them
the names or concepts the adult relates to in the work. Little children first
seem to like to touch, to feel what has been prepared for them. They long to
know, “Who made this?” They know it is a space for them because everything is
just the right height and size for their smaller bodies. In the Catechesis of the
Good Shepherd it is the environment that becomes the teacher. The young children
learn more from interacting in their environment than through direct
instruction. That is why it is so important that the catechist prepares the
environment to entice the children to draw nearer to God and to form a loving
relationship with Jesus, the Good Shepherd.
If our goal is to help
children enjoy a relationship with God, we must consider carefully the question,
“What kind of environment will respect and cultivate their needs and capacities
at their level of development, especially in terms of their spiritual
The atrium therefore is not a classroom “not a place of religious instruction, but of religious life” (Sofia Cavalletti, Religious Potential of the Child). It does not replace the Church but instead prepares them to become full participants in the life of the Church. This work cannot be the work of the catechist or the atrium alone. As Sofia says “The initiation of a child into the Christian life is not a work that can be fulfilled by the catechist alone, nor by the parents alone. It is the whole Christian community that proclaims Christ, and the child must enter into contact with the whole Christian community. The catechist’s work… must be sustained and confirmed by a community that lives what the catechist proclaims.” Ideally the atrium should hold a place within a parish community.
The Atrium is a place
of Prayer and Worship, a place of quiet and peace, a place of retreat. A place
where quite spontaneously, work and study become meditation, contemplation and
In the Catechesis of the Good
Shepherd, especially with the 3-6-year-old, we do not dwell on Jesus’ suffering
and death. Instead we always link his death to his resurrection. Many of the works
allow a time to recall that Jesus life was stronger than death and we remember
that whenever we light candles, and most especially the Paschal candle in the
Baptism Area. The light of the risen Christ is given to each one of us on the
day we are Baptised.
There are, however, a few
works that are particularly relevant to this Lenten season and in particular to
the Paschal Narratives which we encounter during Holy Week. In the atrium of
the youngest children, we recall the words of the Last Supper, where Jesus said,
“This is my body, this is my blood”, in a work we call the Cenacle. The Cenacle
is the name for the Upper Room where Jesus met with his disciples to celebrate
the feast of the Passover. The children enjoy preparing the small table as the
Apostles did on that day. They sit and consider the words of Jesus and the
events that unfold after this time. We pause briefly to consider Jesus’ death
on the cross. Then we move on to light candles to recall the resurrection.
After all everyone dies, but only Jesus conquered death.
Another work in the atrium
which allows us to consider the last days of Jesus is the City of Jerusalem. This
is a model of what Jerusalem may have looked like during the time of Jesus. It
is a walled city and the most prominent building is also walled, the Temple. This
geography material allows the children to imagine the sort of place Jerusalem
was., but its primary purpose is to recall the last days of Jesus. The children
consider the places and events that occur in Jerusalem beginning with the Last Supper
in the Cenacle and moving to the garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus prayed and
was later arrested.
We recall that Jesus was
taken to the house of Caiphas, the high priest. He was put on trial there. Next,
we move to the place where Pilate, the Roman Governor lived, the Tower of
Antonia. Those who arrested Jesus, told Pilate that Jesus said he was the King
of the Jews. Pilot decided that Jesus should be sent to Herod, the Jewish king.
We continue the meditation; in
the morning, he was taken to Herod’s palace. Herod did not have the power to do
anything to Jesus, so he was sent back to Pilot. Jesus returned to the Tower of
Antonia to be sentenced by Pilot. There he was condemned to die. He was given a
cross and taken outside the walls to a hill called Calvary.
This is where he died. But
that is not the end of the story.
His friends buried him in a
cave, a tomb never used before, and a big stone was placed at the entrance. It
was in a garden. This was still not the end.
It was the Sabbath day so
they would not prepare his body, they needed to wait until the next day to do
Always looking forward we recount
the events leading up to that first Easter morning.
The next day some women came
back to prepare Jesus body for burial, they planned to anoint it with special
oils and perfumes. Then wrap it in a special way, as was their custom. They
were worried about how they would be able to move the stone away.
When they got there the stone
had already been rolled away. An angel was there, and he said, “Jesus is not
here, he is risen!”
At this point we again light a
candle and proclaim, Jesus is the light that is stronger than death, a light
that can never go out. He is not here. He is risen. The women ran to tell the
We too can think about our
response to Jesus resurrection. Will we also run to tell others the good news?
We may conclude our
preparation for the great feast of Easter with a celebration of the Liturgy of
Light. This is taken from the prayers of the Easter Vigil and once again we use
light to represent the Risen Jesus. A light that continues to spread as we
allow it to shine out from each one of us to the whole world.
As we draw near the Great
Feast of Easter, may you also receive this light anew and may it shine forth to
all you encounter and draw people to him who came to make us completely one
Since the child, particularly the religious life of the child, is central to the interest and commitment of the catechist of the Good Shepherd, the catechist embraces Maria Montessori’s vision of the human being and thus the attitude of the adult regarding the child; and prepares an environment called the atrium, which aids the development of the religious life.
What is Maria Montessori’s vision of the human
“Everyone accepts the fact that the adult is supposed to play a role in forming the child, but who knew that the child is supposed to be forming the adult, just as much.” Maria Montessori
Montessori saw as one of her greatest discoveries was the planes of human
development. This is when she recognized that the human person underwent a
profound change as they entered different stages of their life. Though this
understanding it is possible to see why some expectations of children are
unreasonable at some ages but very necessary at others.
When you look at the planes,
you can see the horizontal line of life, which indicates the age of the child.
The lines that form the triangles show how the child moves towards a greater
sensitivity to the needs of their age and then away from that intensity as they
move toward the next plane. Montessori observed that development is intense at
the beginning of a plane, peaks, and then tapers down to the next plane, in
preparation for the beginning of a new stage of development.
the first plane of development the
goal is self-construction or to build a self.
goal of the second plane of
development is building the social self and how to be in society. No longer
does the child need just the immediate family. Now the child is ready to
explore the larger society and learn how to be with others and with other
goal of the third plane of
development is the birth of the adult self. It is another creative period, the
creation of what is most valuable in their adult personality.
goal of the fourth plane of
development is the vocation, recognizing and giving back to society.
each plane there are specific sensitivities given that facilitate the
achievement of the goal. The last characteristics of that each plane builds on
the previous plane before it. So a plane that was not fully completed carries
into the next plane. Life goes forward not backward. So as adults assisting
children, we want to help children achieve the fullness of each plane of
first plane of development is the most important phase in the life of the human
person. Sofia Cavalletti called it the Golden Age of Relationship, the period
of falling in love with God.
Two Conditions for any
said that there were two conditions necessary for any human development to
First, the child’s intimate, positive, loving relationship
with the people and things in his/her environment. It’s so important for this
first plane of development. The child being brought into this complete,
unconditional, totally accepting and loving relationship.
The second element is freedom.
humans have certain tendencies or behavior patterns that drive the fulfillment
of the fundamental needs. No matter the location, culture, or ethnicity, all
humans throughout history have followed the same natural laws that lead to
actions and interactions with the environment and each other.
humans are driven:
To Explore- to know
To Orient – to find one’s place in the world where one feels
loved and wanted
To Order – to put things in their place, physically and
To Observe and to Abstract
To strive toward Self-Perfection
To Communicate – to express one’s self, to be understood,
which leads to sharing, cooperation, and preservation of our knowledge, skills
To have Self-Control
What then should the attitude of the adult be
regarding the child?
When it comes to the time for more
formal learning the environment most children are placed in is a school of one
sort or another. In a traditional school classroom the primary relationship is
thought to be between the teacher and the child. In the Catechesis of the Good
Shepherd, we believe that God is the teacher, he works through the environment
and the materials to help the child to form a personal relationship with him.
The role of the adult is that of a guide or servant, waiting for the time to
give a new presentation to allow the child to go deeper into their prayer with
the Holy Spirit.
The Catechist is not the teacher.
The Catechists role is to prepare the environment, to provide the child with
materials that will help the child to draw near to God.
As adults, we seek to serve the child
in this regard. To enable them to come into God’s presence and spend time with him by themselves.
It is not unusual that in this
environment, the children can become so absorbed in their work that
the adult can step aside and wait until they are needed.
What is the prepared environment, the atrium, and
how does it aid the child’s religious life?
Montessori noted that the environment itself is a teacher;
the children learn much more from interaction with their environment than they
do from the direct instruction of their teacher.
If our aim is to help children to
enjoy their relationship with God, we must ask, “What kind of environment can we create that will respect
and cultivate the child’s needs and capacities at this level
of their development, especially in terms of their spiritual development?”
We want to create a space where it is
okay to be small. Where a child can function independently, enjoy freedom of
movement, freedom to repeat works over and over on one’s own without interruption etc.
The Atrium environment is not a classroom. Cavalletti says, “It is not a place of religious instruction, but of
The Atrium does not replace the church. It is to initiate
the child into the life of the church and needs to be the work of the whole
church. Cavalletti says, “The initiation of a child into the
Christian life is not a work that can be fulfilled by the catechist alone, nor
by the parents alone. It is the whole Christian community that proclaims
Christ, and the child must enter into contact with the whole Christian
community. The catechist’s work must be sustained and
confirmed by a community that lives what the catechist proclaims.”
in the Atrium is either a passage to prayer or prayer itself”
The Atrium is a place of Prayer and
a place of quiet and peace, a place of retreat. A place where quite
spontaneously, work and study become meditation, contemplation and prayer.
It is more like a church than a
classroom. It is not so much a place of instruction, as Holy Ground, where
Christ can be encountered in word or action at any moment.
To be a Catechist in the
Catechesis of the Good Shepherd requires a commitment to many hours of
preparation, materials making and then working with children. May people ask
why, when many “programs” for children in the church utilise volunteers and
follow written and prepared programs with activities and worksheets prescribed
for each week of the liturgical cycle, why do we ask for so much preparation?
There can be many ways
to answer that question and I do not think this article will exhaust them all.
The Catechesis of the Good
Shepherd uses an approach very different to that used in our schools at this
time. It is not so much an opportunity to educate our children in the faith,
but rather introduce them to the person of God in a unique relationship. To act
as a matchmaker between God and the child and allow the children to fall in
love with Jesus the Good Shepherd. Many people have grown up being filed with
information and tested to check on their recall. All of that is useful and
necessary. But consider when we have fallen in love, did it happen through
knowledge or was it through relationship? Adults who become Catechists
sometimes find they learn about their faith as if for the first time, seeing
through the eyes of children the beauty of our traditions and the words of
scripture in a new way Through the
formation experience we allow adults to discover for themselves the richest
treasures God has to offer and we also help them to learn to step back and
allow their children to make the same connections for themselves.
There is no lesson so
well remembered or treasured than the one we discover for ourselves. Can you
recall everything you have ever learned? What are the things you remember the
best? Could it be those things where you made the connections, the discoveries
for yourself? Like the person who discovered the treasure in the field and sold
all they had to have it or the merchant who searched all his life for the most
precious pearl, we want your relationship with Jesus to be a precious gift that
you personally invested in.
During the formation,
the participants will learn about an approach to learning discovered by Maria
Montessori and also some Sacred History Theology. Interspersed with this some individual
presentations will be given (the same as those given to the children)
demonstrating the way we allow the children to continue to meditate on the
small lessons of scripture, liturgy and practical life. There is time for
prayer, sharing and also materials making. All of these will help to form the catechist,
just as the time in the atrium for children helps to build the child in their
personal relationship with God.
When we work with
children in the Catechesis of the Good Shepherd, we do not follow a program. We
do not have a curriculum that must be covered in a set amount of time. Some children
will never work with or be given all of the presentations. We observe and
follow the needs of each individual child, offering to them as gift various
presentations as they grow in their understanding and relationship of God and
as they grow as people in our community. As their abilities increase, they gain
new skills which we provide opportunities for them to master, to help them do
it by themselves. As one may imagine, it can be very difficult for some people
to let go and let God be the teacher, with no measurable outcome. Sometimes we
are blessed with glimpses of the work of the Holy Spirit in the response of the
children, through their personal prayer and artwork. For the most part we are
useless servants of God and the child and perhaps one day we may see the fruits
of our labour.
The Catechesis of the Good
Shepherd is an approach to the religious formation of children.
It is rooted in the Bible,
the Liturgy of the Church and the educational principles of Maria Montessori.
Children gather in an atrium,
a room prepared for them, which contains simple yet beautiful materials they can
use to help answer interior questions like:
“God who are you? How do you love us?”
About the Environment
“Like the environment of the Church, it is a place where the child can listen to the proclamation of the Good News, meditate on it and begin to live it according to the child’s own rhythm.
Diﬀerent from the environment of the Church, the atrium is not only a place for announcement and celebration: it is also a place for work.
It is a particular environment in which work easily becomes meditation and prayer.”
How can the atrium nourish a child’s faith
The Catechesis of the Good
Shepherd is not so much a curriculum as an environment. Through the use of the materials
in the environment the children are introduced to God.
The purpose of the Catechesis
isn’t to teach children about God through
information about scripture or liturgy. Rather the focus is on introducing children to an experience of God
through scripture and liturgy.
The atrium is a special
place for children. It is a place of prayer and meditation, not a classroom for
instruction. It is holy ground where Christ is encountered through word and action.
It is a place of worship and community—religious life.
Every work in the atrium is either a passage to
prayer or prayer itself.
The materials used in the
atrium have been designed to meet the vital needs of each age group of the children.
This is based on their capabilities according to the research of Maria Montessori.
They are in a size that
will comfortably ﬁt the child and sensorially appealing; made of natural materials
(such as wood, metal and clay) and as much as possible are hand made by the catechists
The room is set out in
a way that conveys the centrality of the parable for each age group; the Good Shepherd
for ages 3-6 and the True Vine for ages 6-12. Arranged around these are the Eucharist,
the sacraments, scripture and geography works.
The 3-6 Child
The 3-6 year old child
is particularly capable of receiving and enjoying the most essential elements of
our faith: the announcement of God’s love in the person of the Good Shepherd who
died and is risen.
Materials they work with
help make the mystery of God concrete. For example, a geography work of a 3D relief
map of the land of Israel, establishes Jesus as a real person in time and space.
Their sense of wonder and
delight are nurtured through selected parables on the mystery of God’s kingdom:
they may wonder at how something as small as a mustard seed can grow into a large
Their desire for knowing
the names of things and ordering things in their environment is met in work such
as the altar where they learn the names and lay out items as they are arranged at
The 6-12 Child
The parable of the True
Vine is the central meditation for children in this age group.
The work here responds
to the need of the older child to know their place in their relationship with God,
family and the wider community.
A range of moral parables
provides the opportunity for meditation on God’s love and enduring forgiveness.
Their love for detail is
ministered to through breaking open diﬀerent parts of the Mass and exploring it,
deepening their knowledge and love of the Eucharist.
Timelines focusing on salvation
history from Creation to Redemption to Parousia nurture their vivid imagination
and their fascination with time; the past and the future. This leads to the wonder
of all the many gifts we have received from God, culminating in God’s gift of his
own life through Jesus.
There is an emphasis on
our response to God’s amazing generosity and the responsibility that comes with
receiving these gifts.